CHAPTER- 3 : HINDU DHARMA- 15.4.
15. The Law of Spiritual Economics-4.1.
4. Use and Abuse of the Caste System -1.
The Hindus have survived many a foreign conquest on account of their caste system. But they have developed class jealousies and hatred in the name of the caste system. They have not got the spirit of co-operation. That is the reason why they are weak and disunited today. They have become sectarians in the name of the caste system. Hence there is degradation in India.
The caste system is, indeed, a splendid thing. It is quite flawless. But the defect came in from somewhere else. The classes gradually neglected their duties. The test of ability and character slowly vanished. Birth became the chief consideration in determining castes. All castes fell from their ideals and forgot all about their duties.
Brahmanas became selfish and claimed superiority over others by mere birth, without possessing due qualifications.
The Kshatriyas lost their chivalry and spirit of sacrifice.
The Vaisyas became very greedy. They did not earn wealth by honest means. They did not look after the economic welfare of the people. They did not give charity. They also lost the spirit of sacrifice.
Sudras gave up service. They became officers. They wished that others should serve them. The greed and pride of man have created discord and disharmony.
To be continued...